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EU Security Research Projects Awarded (15/03/2018)

NEWLY AWARDED PROJECTS:

ALBORA: Next-generation navigation technologies for autonomous vehicles
One of the concepts that will drive the change in mobility is the connected autonomous vehicle (CAV). Massive investments on the field and the latest advancements in artificial intelligence (AI) and sensors has moved relevant market uptake for autonomous driving from 2035 to 2020.

CAVs are equipped with a huge number of sensors that allow them to understand the environment and act accordingly. However, this technology is superfluous without knowing the location of the vehicle in real time. Technology used to position a mobile device on earth is known as Global Navigation Satellite System – GNSS (e.g. GPS or GALILEO). Currently there are no GNSS solutions that meet the requirements of vehicle manufacturers for autonomous driving.

At Albora, we have built and patented the Albora Correlation Engine, which uses AI and, in particular, biologically inspired Deep Learning Networks to achieve the performance required by the sector. Moreover, our technology can be embedded on the electronics currently available on autonomous vehicles, allowing us to keep the costs extremely low.

Start date: 2018-03-01
End date: 2018-08-31
Total cost: EUR 71 429
EU contribution: EUR 50 000
Project Coordinator: ALBORA TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED, United Kingdom

NWICWEP: Non-Western military interventions and the character of warfare in the European Periphery
While Western countries regularly intervene militarily abroad, recent years have seen increasing levels of military intervention by non-Western authoritarian and weakly democratic states in the EU periphery. The patterns and character of resulting conflicts are ill-understood compared to recent conflicts involving Western states (on which much of the recent conflict literature is based).

This project will conduct an analysis of three EU-periphery conflicts – Ukraine, Yemen and the West African Sahel – that have seen the involvement of four of the most militarily active non-Western states in the wider EU neighbourhood – Russia, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria and Chad. The fellowship will advance knowledge of: 1) how the character of conflict involving non-Western military powers differs from general conceptualizations of contemporary warfare (and each other); and, 2) how the character of these conflicts is comprehended strategically both by key state actors involved, and by Western security actors (EU and NATO).

Start date: 2018-09-01
End date: 2020-08-31
Total cost: EUR 180 277,20
EU contribution: EUR 180 277,20
Project Coordinator: SCUOLA SUPERIORE DI STUDI UNIVERSITARI E DI PERFEZIONAMENTO SANT’ANNA, Italy

INTELLICONT: Development and Manufacturing of Intelligent Lightweight Composite Aircraft Container
Air cargo has experienced tremendous growth. Essential components and open field of technological advancement are air-cargo containers (ULDs) which have not followed the technological advances of aircraft structures and systems. The faced challenges are: reduce ULD and aircraft weight; enhance container fire/smoke detection and suppression; eliminate permanent moving and locking hardware; enhance flight safety, loading/unloading logistics and maintenance. The main goal of the proposal is to develop, manufacture and validate a new intelligent lightweight aircraft cargo container with integrated functions for restrain, transportation, fire/smoke suppression, with sensing and wireless monitoring capabilities.

Start date: 2018-03-01
End date: 2021-02-28
Total cost: EUR 2 506 234,75
EU Contribution: EUR 1 999 944,86
Project Coordinator: SKANDINAVIAN ABIONIX GKRIS ANONIMIETAREIA EMPORIA KAI YPIRESIES ILECTRONIKON SISTIMATON, Greece

CROSS-MIGRATION: Current European and Cross-National Comparative Research and Research Actions on Migration
Migration is one of the paramount matters in contemporary Europe, and relevant, concise, and useful migration-related data is a prerequisite for the design of efficient and constructive policies. Although particular databases such as EUROSTAT and OECD offer valuable insights into migratory dynamics, a comprehensive, efficient and integrative database which synthesizes, categorizes and maps out the vast analytical trends on migration throughout Europe is non-existent. This project, bringing together 16 leading European research institutions, networks and policy institutes, aims to fill this gap crucial for policy-purposes through the construction of a central migration hub. This hub will be of instrumental value due to its capability to operate as a key point for information exchange in the design of current and future policy.

Start date: 2018-03-01
End date: 2020-02-29
Total cost: EUR 1 999 018
EU Contribution: EUR 1 999 018
Project Coordinator: ERASMUS UNIVERSITEIT ROTTERDAM, the Netherlands

MIGRADEMO: Migration and Democratic Diffusion: Comparing the Impact of Migration on Democratic Participation and Processes in Countries of Origin
The objective of this project is to unravel the impact of migration on democratic participation and processes in countries of origin. Its research strategy combines the analysis of democratic diffusion across three countries of origin and at three levels of democratic participation and processes: individual citizens, civil society and among political leaders and representatives. To that end the project draws on both statistical and qualitative research methods and analysis. The project will analyse already existing aggregate data on remittances and political behaviour and generate new comprehensive datasets based on surveys and in-depth qualitative research among non-migrants and returnees in countries of origin. The project will contribute to our theoretical understanding of the conditions under which migration can influence democratic processes as well as the broader research fields of democracy studies, migration and citizenship.

Start date: 2018-03-01
End date: 2023-02-28
Total cost: EUR 1 451 264
EU Contribution: EUR 1 451 264
Project Coordinator: UNIVERSITAT AUTONOMA DE BARCELONA, Spain

EU-LISTCO: Europe’s External Action and the Dual Challenges of Limited Statehood and Contested Orders
Two risks characterize the EU’s regional and global security environments, 1) areas of limited statehood (ALS) in the EU’s East and South, in which central government authorities are too weak to enforce rules and/or do not control the monopoly over the means of violence; 2) contested orders (CO), in which various actors challenge the rules according to which societies and political systems are and should be organized.

EU-LISTCO will investigate, first, under which conditions ALS/CO deteriorate into governance breakdown and violent conflict, turning risks into security threats for Europe. By combining risk scanning and foresight methodologies with comparative case studies, we will identify the tipping points at which risks turn into threats, and how they might be better anticipated.

Second, EU-LISTCO will investigate how the preparedness of the EU and its member states can be strengthened to anticipate, prevent, and respond to threats of governance breakdown and violent conflict and to foster resilience in ALS/CO.

Start date: 2018-03-01
End date: 2021-02-28
Total cost: EUR 4 989 936,75
EU Contribution: EUR 4 989 936,75
Project Coordinator: FREIE UNIVERSITÄT BERLIN, Germany

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